Conjunto (CC) was an intelligence organization that functioned
approximately from late 1975 to 1976. Its primary objective
was repression against members of the Communist Party. According
to the Rettig Report, the organization was responsible for
the forced disappearance of 30 persons. Other sources set
the figure at more than 70.
was comprised initially mainly of Air Force Intelligence Administration
agents (DIFA) and later had significant participation of Carabineros
Police Intelligence (DICAR). To a lesser extent, agents of
Naval Intelligence (SIN) and some members of the Army Intelligence
(DINE) also participated. Members of Investigations Police
and civilians of the militant arch-right organization Patria
y Libertad also hadinvolvement
with the Comando Conjunto.
the earliest places of torture was the Air Force War Academy
(AGA), which operated even before the group called itself
Comando Conjunto. The AGA functioned from late 1973 to 1974,
formally under the Aviation Military Court that coordinated
closely with the Air Force Intelligence Service (SIFA). General
Bachelet and many other Air Force officers were tortured in
its basement. Jose Luis Baeza Cruces, a member of the Communist
Party Central Committee who disappeared subsequent to his
arrest, was also brought here. Former Air Force Commander-in-Chief
Fernando Matthei, at the time AGA Director, was subpoenaed
to testify in court regarding the illicit operations.
1975, when the SIFA left the AGA, it transferred prisoners
to a house in a residential neighborhood of Santiago, located
near Apoquindo Avenue, just two blocks from the Las Condes
Municipal Government offices. This property was used until
March 1975 as secret detention center under the responsibility
of the recently formed DIFA. Afterwards, DIFA offices moved
to 6 Juan Antonio Rios Street, with prisoners redistributed
between the Anti-Air Artillery Regiment of Colina ("Remo
Cero") and a hangar inside Cerrillos airport.
clandestine torture center was known as "Nido 20",
("Nest 20") located on 037 Santa Teresa Street,
near Bus Stop 20 of Gran Avenue, in Santiago. Alonso Gahona
Chavez is known to have died as a result of torture in this
place, and remains disappeared since then. Humberto Castro
Hurtado was also killed here by blows. Today the building
houses the National Larynx Cancer Foundation.
known as "Nido 18" was used entirely for submitting
prisoners to torture. It was located at 9053 Peru Street,
in the municipality of La Florida, Santiago, near Bus Stop
18 of Vicuña Mackenna Avenue. Witnesses say that Arsenio
Leal Pereira took his life here, under the pressure of torture.
Cero," Air Force agents operated in conjunction with
members of the Navy Intelligence Service and some agents of
the Army. The number of Carabinero Police Intelligence Service
officers assigned here was higher than at other FACH detention
centers. Certain civilians from Patria y Libertad also operated
from this location. From this place several prisoners, including
Humberto Fuentes Rodriguez and Luis Moraga Cruz were taken
in helicopter to be thrown into the sea. Witnesses have also
testified that several prisoners were taken to be killed on
the premises of the Peldehue military base, where they were
illegally buried in secret. These included Ricardo Weibel
Navarrete, Ignacio Gonzalez Espinoza, Miguel Rodriguez Gallardo
and Nicomedes Toro Bravo. Jose Sagredo Pacheco was one of
several prisoners known to have died as a result of torture.
A doctor who assisted prisoners and supervised torture frequently
visited Remo Cero.
located at 229 Dieciocho Street that previously housed the
newspaper El Clarin and was expropriated by Carabineros, was
known as "La Firma." The Carabineros Intelligence
School operated from the place. Teachers not only came from
DICAR but also included Comando Conjunto members. Adjacent
to the building was another property that the Comando Conjunto
operated as a secret detention center. Among the people brought
there were Carlos Contreras Maluje, Juan Rene Orellana, Luis
Emilio Maturana, and Juan Antonio Gianelli, Communist Party
leaders who were taken from the building to be shot and buried
clandestinely in Cuesta Barriga. Jose Weibel Navarrete, another
prisoner seen at the site, was later killed in the vicinity
of the mountainous Cajon del Maipo. In 1985 it was the operational
center for the abduction of a dozen teachers and three professionals,
members of the Communist Party, whose bodies were later found
along a rural road of Quilicura.
properties employed by the SIFA or by the Comando Conjunto
for temporarily holding prisoners include a building in Barrio
Bellavista, where unmarried members of the organization lived.
The Las Tranqueras Police Station also served as temporary
detention center to which prisoners were brought in order
to avoid detection during an inspection by a United Nations
human rights delegation.
of torture at the Air War Academy (AGA) recall the identity
of their captors and torturers. These included General Orlando
Gutierrez Bravo, Sergio Lizasoain, Edgar Ceballos Jones, Jaime
Lavin, Juan Bautista Gonzalez and Humberto Velasquez Estay;
captains Leon Duffey, Juan Carlos Sandoval, Jaime Lemus, Florencio
Duble, Contreras and Fullogher (head of the permanent guard);
lieutenants Juan Carlos Sandoval, Luis Campos, Matig and Perez;
Sargent Hugo "chuncho" Lizana, corporals Eduardo
Cartagena and Corporal Gabriel Cortes, who changed his name.
of the torturers at the Air Force War Academy were from the
Aerophotometric expert group. They were members of the class
that completed their training in 1967. They answered directly
to Commander Otaiza, known as "pata de oso" ("Bear
Paw). Other interrogators were from the military instructors'
course of the Specialists School, who completed training in
1968, the same year I finished my training. Later, in mid
1974, I was taken to the Air War Academy from the Public Prison.
I saw Coronel Matthei select the persons who would be subjected
to torture and interrogation. Together with a lieutenant known
as "el loquillo" (Crazy Guy), beat two prisoners
who were standing with their eyes blindfolded. "El loquillo"
beat me as well with a butt of a gun. From the AGA I was taken
to the Polytechnic Academy for 24 hours. En route, I was afraid
that they would attempt to apply the so-called fugitive law
(execution from behind and subsequent abandonment in some
vacant space). From the Polytechnic Academy I was transferred
again to the AGA, and finally returned to the Public Prison."
(Sergio Lontano Trureo. 51, C.I.57.88167-4. Resident of 290
South Lambeth Road, London SWB.1 JUG. England. On September
11, 1973 he held the rank of Corporal.)
Agents Indicted and the charges against them
and agents involved in the Comando Conjunto are:
Barra Von Kretschmann (C.I. 1.614.559-9), head of the Naval
Intelligence Service in the Intelligence Command (6 Jose Antonio
Rios Street). Frigate captain at the time of the coup, belonged
to the DINA secret police leadership in 1974 and was assistant
director in 1975. In 1976 he transferred to the CNI secret
police, successor of the DINA. Judge Cerda indicted him as
accomplice in the criminal illicit association and abduction
of Edras Pinto and Reinalda Pereira, crime still under investigation.
Pacheco Valdes, retired Air Force colonel. Head of Colina
Air Base when the Remo Cero torture center functioned from
its premises. Indicted by Judge Cerda as author of the criminal
Samuel Romero Gormaz, retired Carabineros General, Chief of
DICAR at 6 Jose Antonio Rios. Indicted by Judge Carlos Cerda
as author of the criminal illicit association and accomplice
in the abduction of Edras Pinto and Reinalda Pereira.
Enrique Ruiz Bunger, retired Air Force general. Head of DIFA
at 6 Jose Antonio Rios. Indicted as author of criminal illicit
association and accomplice in the abduction of Edras Pinto
and Reinalda. Indicted by judge of the 25 th Criminal Court
of Santiago in the abduction of Victor Vega.
H. Vivero Avila, retired Air Force general, Aviation judge
and commander of Santiago Garrison in 1976. Indicted as author
of criminal illicit association by Judge Carlos Cerda. At
present Judge Hazbun of the 25th Criminal Court of Santiago
indicted him for covering-up the illicit association and disappearance
of Victor Vega.
Benjamin Ceballos Jones, retired Air Force colonel. Director
of the DIFA and later of SIFA, torturer at the Air War Academy
and head of Roberto Fuentes Morrison in the CC. Known also
as "Inspector Cabezas," he was indicted by Carlos
Cerda as author of criminal illicit association and accomplice
in the abduction of Edras Pinto and Reinalda Pereira.
Arturo Madrid Hayden, retired Air Force Commander. Vice Commander
of the Colina Anti-Air Artillery Regiment from which functioned
from the "Remo Cero" torture center. Indicted by
Cerda as author of criminal illicit association, and Judge
Hazbun considers him an accessory in the abduction of Victor
Alfredo Esquivel Caballero, retired Carabineros lieutenant
colonel, in charge of DICAR counter-intelligence. Indicted
as author of criminal illicit association and accomplice in
the abduction of Edras Pinto and Reinalda Pereira.
Luis Enrique Guimpert Corvalan, retired Navy lieutenant (C.I.
4.638.149-1). Indicted as author of criminal illicit association
and accomplice in the abduction of Edras Pinto and Reinalda
Pereira. Judge Carlos Hazbun indicted him for the abduction
of Victor Vega.
Rodrigo Cobos Manriquez, Air Force reserve lieutenant. Alias
"Kiko" or "Elefantito" (C.I. 5.890.505-4).
Indicted by Judge Cerda as criminal illicit association and
accomplice in the abduction of Edras Pinto and Reinalda Pereira.
Judge Hazbun indicted him for the disappearance of Victor
Arnoldo Barraza Riveros, retired Investigations Police Chief.
Alias "El Zambra". Indicted as accessory in the
crime of illicit association.
Ernesto Camaño Medina, Retired Air Force official.
Alias "Peter" (C.I. 7.024.319-9). Operative agent
connected to the "La Firma" torture center. Indicted
by Judge Carlos Hazbun for the abduction of Victor Vega.
Enrique Pimentel Ceballos, retired Air Force Commander. Indicted
by Judge Cerda as author of the crime of illicit association
in the abduction of Edras Pinto and Reinalda Pereira.
Campos Poblete, retired Air Force Commander. Indicted by Carlos
Cerda as author of criminal illicit association.
Agustin Munoz Gamboa, Retired Carabineros Mayor. Alias "El
Lolo." Noted for his cruelty in the Comando Conjunto
where he participated in dozens of abductions, torture and
disappearances, he returned to Carabineros with the rank of
captain to continue his participation with repressive apparatus.
At DICOMCAR (Carabinero Intelligence) he collaborates with
his former colleague of the CC, Miguel Estay Rein. His involvement
in the CC is linked to the murder of Juan Antonio Aguirre
Ballesteros in 1984. Indicted by Judge Cerda, he was sentenced
to 5 years and one day in prison in the murders of Jose Manuel
Parada, Manuel Guerrero and Santiago Nattino. Recently, the
Fourth Criminal Court of San Miguel indicted him in the abduction
and disappearance of Alonso Gahona, and Judge Hazbun has charged
him in the abduction and disappearance of Victor Vega.
Enrique Cartagena Maldonado. Alias "Lalo". C.I.
5.083.760. Retired Air Force Subofficial. CC agent since 1975,
participating in abductions, torture, and disappearances of
numerous Communist leaders between 1975 and 1976. After the
CC was disbanded, he went on to serve in Air Force Intelligence
Service (SIFA). The Fourth Criminal Court of San Miguel has
charged him in the abduction and torture that caused the death
of Alonso Gahona Chavez, disappeared since September 8, 1975.
He is also charged in the investigation directed by Judge
Carlos Hazbun, of the 25º Criminal Court in the abduction
and disappearance of Victor Vega Riquelme on January 3, 1976.
His last known residence is 394 Del Rey Street, Maipu.
Arturo Estay Reyno. Alias "El Fanta". Former Communist
Party member, who became an informer and later an agent, after
his arrest in 1975 members of the Comando Conjunto. His inside
knowledge of the structure of the Communist Party and Communist
Youth organization made his involvement key in discovering
the hierarchical structure that led to the arrest of its major
leaders including Carlos Contreras Maluje, Jose Weibel, Fernando
Ortiz and Waldo Pizarro. Participated in the abduction of
his former friend Manuel Guerrero, who was one of few persons
able to escape from the clutches of the CC, but in 1985 he
again was abducted, this time by DICOMCAR agents, and his
throat slashed along with Jose Manuel Parada and Santiago
Nattino. Indicted by Judge Cerda but Judge Silva Ibanez applied
the amnesty law. Today he is serving a life sentence in Colina
prison for the murder of Guerrero, Parada and Nattino and
is charged in the disappearance of Victor Vega.
Luis Palma Ramirez. Alias "El Fifo". C.I. 6.387.372-1.
As member of Patria y Libertad he participated in numerous
terrorist attacks against the Undidad Popular government.
He was arrested in August 1973 for his involvement in the
homicide of presidential attaché Arturo Araya, but
granted amnesty after the coup by Admiral Adolfo Waulbaum.
He was a friend of Fuentes Morrison, who brought him to the
CC and became his right-hand man in carrying out repressive
actions. According to CC deserter Andres Valenzuela, "El
Fifo" had direct involvement in the murders of Jose Weibel
Navarrete, Miguel Rodriguez Gallardo, Humberto Fuentes Rodriguez,
and CC agents Carol Flores and Guillermo Bratti, all of whom
are disappeared to this day. He is also associated with the
execution at Cuesta Barriga of Communist leaders Lincoyan
Berrios, Fernando Navarro, Fernando Ortiz, Waldo Pizarro,
Luis Lazo, Juan Gianelly, Horacio Cepeda, Hector Veliz and
Reinalda Pereira, who was pregnant at the time of her death.
Indicted by Judge Cerda, he is also named in the cases of
Alonso Gahona and Victor Vega.
His last known address is 5535 El Quilo Street, Quinta Normal,
which is the site of the refrigeration equipment factory Frigomet
Ltda. Although everyone at the factory denies knowing him,
the industry's telephone is still listed under the name Palma
Alfonso Flores Cisterna. Alias "El Huaso". C.I.
7.767.975-8. As soldier with the Air Force at the El Bosque
Air Force Base, on September 11, 1973, he participates in
interrogation and torture of prisoners. His "skill"
at this work earns him a job at the Air War Academy where
he continues the same work under Edgar Ceballos. In 1975 he
joins the CC, and is responsible in the abduction, torture,
and disappearance of dozens of people. Until the mid 1990s
he continued in active duty with the SIFA. Today he is known
to work in commerce. His most recent residence is Villa Tantauco,
Block 10282, apartment 31, San Bernardo.
Jorge Forero Alvarez. Cardiologist. Registro Colegio Medico
9580-K. Platoon Commander and doctor who, at the time of the
coup, worked at the Air Force Hospital. In 1976 he served
as soldier at El Bosque Air Force Base and at the Colina Anti-Air
Artillery Regiment. He participated with the CC at this place,
supervising torture and drugging prisoners who were taken
out to be made to disappear. During dictatorship, Judge Carlos
Cerda charged him and, more recently, Judge Hazbun summoned
him to testify regarding the case of Victor Vega. The "Funa"
chose him as the focus of its first demonstration on October
1, 1999, outside INDISA Hospital where he works. He is a member
of the Chilean Intensive Medicine and the Chilean Cardiology
Society. His private practice is at 6275 Apoquindo Avenue,
office 116, his email is firstname.lastname@example.org.
His most recent residence is 14.199-2 Camino La Brisa, Lo
Saavedra Loyola. Alias "Jano". C.I. 4.124.917-K.
Retired Air Force Official. On September 11, 1973 he was unit
commander at the Air War Academy , where he supervised interrogation
and torture of former comrades in arms at the Air Force, who
were loyal to the constitutional government, including General
Alberto Bachelet. In 1976 he was appointed Director of Colina
Air Base and joined the CC, in replacement of Edgard Ceballos.
In 1977 he transferred to Intelligence that operated from
6 Juan Antonio Rios (Alameda with Santa Rosa Street). Until
the early 1990's he was still in active duty with the rank
of colonel. Judge Carlos Cerda charged him and judge Hazbun
has also indicted him in the disappearance of Victor Vega.
Trujillo Miranda. Civilian agent known as "Colmillo Blanco".
In October 2002 he disclosed to a journalist how former CC
members prepared false lists of victims to the Human Rights
Dialogue Table, a revelation that led to the dismissal and
indictment of Air Force General Patricio Campos, as well as
the resignation of Commander-in-Chief Patricio Rios. A Christian
Democrat in his youth, he later joined Patria y Libertad where
he met "Wally", who brought him to the CC. "Wally"
also saved his life in a dispute between the CC and the DINA,
when, together with Carol Flores and Guillermo Bratti, he
provided information to the DINA. Even before the coup, he
worked for Military Intelligence Service (SIM). Fuentes Morrison
invited him to join the Agriculture Ministry security staff
and the CC. He participated in the abduction, torture and
disappearance of many people until his expulsion due to the
incident with DINA. His contacts found him a job as head of
a security firm in southern Chile, after which he was involved
in various trials for passing bad checks. He is among the
roster of individuals charged in the disappearance Alonso
Gahona and Victor Vega, under investigation by Carlos Cerda.
Antonio Urra Carrasco. Alias "Willy". C.I. 6.687.227-0.
Retired Air Force Corporal, he was a CC operative since the
group's beginning in 1975. Judge Carlos Cerda charged him
for his participation in the abduction, torture and disappearance
of many people. Witnesses affirm that he bears direct responsibility
for the execution of prisoners in Cajon del Maipo (including
Jose Weibel and agents Carol Flores and Guillermo Bratti),
and at Cuesta Barriga (Horacio Cepeda, Fernando Ortiz and
Reinalda Pereira, among others). He is also believed responsible
for throwing prisoners into the sea off the coast of Quintero.
He was charged again, recently, in the Victor Vega case. His
most recent address is 1990 Santa Blanca, Las Condes.
Fuentes Morrison. Alias "Wally". During the Unidad
Popular government, he was a member of paramilitary groups
of Patria y Libertad, where he met several people who later
introduced him to the CC. As Air Force Platoon Commander,
he joined the CC, becoming one of its most notorious operatives
and cruel torturer. Carlos Cerda charged him in the participation
in many abductions, tortures, executions, and disappearances
of members of the MIR and the CP. In mid 1989 he was gunned
down as he outside his house.
Patricio Zuñiga Canales. Alias "Chirola".
Retired Air Force Subofficial. As soldier at El Bosque Air
Base, on September 11, 1973, he participated in the torture
of his own comrades in arms. He later transferred to the Air
War Academy to perform the same functions and joined the ranks
of the DIFA. In 1975 he joined the CC, participating in the
abduction, torture, and disappearance of dozens of people
affiliated with the left, including Victor Cardenas, Carlos
Duran, Luis Maturana, Humberto Castro and David Urrutia. He
was also present at the execution of Bratti and Flores. He
belonged to Air Force Intelligence Service (SIFA) at least
until the early 1990s. '90. Carlos Cerda charged him and he
is connected to the cases of Alonso Gahona and Victor Vega.
His most recent known address is 1298 Pasaje Simon Bolivar,
Carrasco Olivos, Air Force employee, escort to Commanders-in-Chief
Leigh, Fernando Matthei and Ramon Vega. Alias "Loco Alex"
(C.I. 6.243.426-7). Comando Conjunto operative.
Chavez Sandoval, retired Air Force corporal. Alias "Peque",
"Rucio" o "Pol. Torturer at the AGA and CC
operative. Indicted in the abduction of Victor Vega.
Alejandro Cortes Figueroa, Retired Investigations Police inspector.
Alias "Yoyopulus." Indicted as accessory of illicit
association by Cerda.
Gonzalez Fernandez, retired Air Force employee. Alias "Rodrigo"
or "Wally Chico". Witnesses say he participated
in the arrest of Jose Weibel. Indicted by the 25th Criminal
Court as accomplice in the illegal arrest of Amanda Velasco
Lucinda Ugarte Sandoval, Retired Air Force officer who worked
with the DIFA and the Comando Conjunto. Alias "La Pochi."
Following Colmillo Blanco's disclosure to the La Nacion journalist,
the revelation that Air Force General Patricio Campos was
married to Pochi and in 2001 prepared a fictitious report
to the Human Rights Dialogue Table led to his dismissal and
indictment. It also led to the resignation of Air Force Commander-in-Chief
Patricio Rios. In October 2002 former prisoners described
her as a sadistic presence in torture centers. Charged by
Judge Cerda as author of illicit association and accessory
in the disappearance of Reinalda Pereira and Edras Pinto.
Arturo Navarrete Arriagada, Retired Carabineros colonel who
worked in the (DICAR. Judge Cerda charged him as accomplice
in the crime of illicit association
Benedicto Quiros Reyes, Retired Air Force colonel and head
of the Counterintelligence Office during the years of the
CC. Charged by Carlos Cerda as author of criminal illicit
Pablo Potin Lailhacar, civilian CC agent. Alias "Yerko".
Patria y Libertad member arrested in August 1973 for his participation
in the homicide of presidential attaché Arturo Araya.
Charged by Judge Hazbun as participant in the abduction of
Victor Vega. Today he works with a computer firm located at
2506 Americo Vespucio Norte.
Antonio Salvatierra Rojas, retired Investigations Police assistant
director. Alias "Negro" (C.I. 6.195.828-2). Carlos
Cerda indicted him as author of illicit association.
Alfonso Suazo Jaque, retired Air Force soldier. Alias "Jonathan".
Torturer at the AGA. The 25º Criminal Court charged him
in the abduction and disappearance of Victor Vega.
Villegas, Retired Carabineros police Sargent. Alias "Don
Beto". Carlos Cerda charged him as author of illicit
association and accomplice in the disappearance of Reinalda
Pereira and Edras Pinto.
Juan Zambrano Uribe, Air Force functionary. Alias "Chino".
Judge Hazbun charged him as author in the abduction of Victor
charged by Carlos Cerda were Gustavo Leigh and Julio Benimelli
Ruiz, both of whom died in suspicious circumstances. Also
indicted as accomplices of the CC are retired Carabineros
police colonels Italo Astete Sermini, Gonzalo Jimenez Huerta,
Raul Enrique Montt Carvajal and Federico Luis Smith Ibarra.
Also the lieutenant colonels Graciano Bernales Perez, Juan
Bezzemberger Schwarz and Luis Humberto Villagra Rebeco. Charged
as covering-up the abductions of Reinalda Pereira and Edras
Pinto were retired Investigations official Federico Infante
Lillo and retired officer Jorge Mondaca Gonzalez. Carlos Hazbun's
ongoing investigation has also charged Carlos Pascua Riquelme,
Juan Chavez Sandoval and Alejandro Saez Mardones (serving
life imprisonment for the Degollados case).
to Networks of Complicity