the moment of the military coup, Eduardo A. Cruz Farias,
originally from Concepcion, was a sociology student at the
University of Concepcion. In May 1976 he was arrested in
Mendoza, Argentina in the context of Operation Condor with
fellow members of the MIR, shot, and then left to die in
a park. He survived and UNHCR arranged for his departure
as political refugee to Vancouver, Canada where he lives
with his family. He offers the following remembrance of
his friends of the MIR, Hector Lepe and Rudy Carcamo.
"And then all who are inscribed in Book of Life shall be
saved. Many who sleep in the dust shall awaken; some to
eternal life, other to perpetual infamy. The just shall
shine with the brilliance of the sky. Those who taught justice
shall shine like stars for eternity." (Book of Daniel, 12.1-3)
brief tribute is dedicated to two members of the GAP (Group
of Personal Friends) who served as personal bodyguards for
President Salvador Allende). Rudy Carcamo Ruiz worked at
Soco Agro in Concepcion, and was a mechanical designer as
well as skindiver. Hector Manuel Lepe Moraga was 29 years
old and a student at State Technical University, also in
Concepcion. At that time we were in compartmental units
of the MIR. Everything was quite formal and we had no time
for anything besides our political functions.
Hector only as Rojitas. No one was interested in knowing
more than was absolutely necessary about each other. He
was tall, muscular and I remember a characteristic gesture
of his: he would incline his head to one side while looking
at you. He inspired respect at a glance and was well-known
in the party. The way he related to other people invoked
trust; and that was a very important quality, considering
that we were in training in those days. Rojitas was a great
walker, and he never complained about anything; not even
the food or the exercise. He was hardened and intelligent.
Much later, in late 1970, I came across a photograph in
"Vea" magazine in which he appeared as one of Allende's
personal escorts. I did not see him again after the coup.
Rudy was of medium height, but muscular as well. His slanted
eyes earned him the nickname "Vietnam." His hands and feet
were large. He said that was so he could swim better, because
he loved the water. Aside from our common political functions,
he was close to all my family. This did not mean, however,
that I knew everything he was engaged in. I only knew about
some of his activities. After the coup we were even stricter
in this regard. He would come and go from my house as he
pleased, as did his wife Lilian and their son Erick, who
my brothers and sisters were very fond of. That is why his
disappearance was so hard on my family. After the coup Rudy
reminded his family and friends that if the military made
him disappear, we should obtain his dental records from
Cuba to enable identification. He wanted to lie in sacred
grounds alongside his family. During our last contact, before
his arrest, I insisted that he leave the area temporarily
for security reasons. He replied: "Even if I become the
last remaining Mirista, I will stay here and fight these
military s-o-bs." (http://www.memoriaviva.com/Disappeareds/D-C/car-rui1.htm)
entered the GAP in late 1970. He was trained to be a body
guard for Salvador Allende, who trained along with them.
Allende was quite athletic for his age, considering that
the young fellows in the GAP were between 20 and 28 years
old. That impressed the guards, who were delighted to train
with compañero Allende or the "Doctor", as he was affectionately
called. The President also liked to train in target practice
and participate in combat exercises when time permitted.
Almost all the first GAP members were Miristas. Later they
were all Socialists, and to them fell the glory of defending
President Allende in La Moneda that terrible day of September
11, 1973. Rudy served at the presidential residence of Tomas
Moro, as did all the bodyguards when Allende took office.
Allende's escorts were fewer in number when he was still
a presidential candidate. The first members of the GAP,
according to Rudy , were Joel Marambio and Humberto Sotomayor.
Rudy also served as escort to Fidel Castro during his official
visit to Chile in late 1971.
Rudy and Hector worked in shantytowns and with workers up
to the time of the coup. Rudy worked in shantytown Lenin
and the petrochemical sector between Huachipato and Enap,
while Hector worked in Bellavista, Tome. In retrospect,
it seems to me that it was a mistake for the party to have
exposed its most valuable members in semipublic work. After
the coup they had trouble going underground. They were arrested
Carcamo was arrested as part of a big roundup at the time
Miguel Enriquez was killed in Santiago. The military learned
the names of regional contacts of the MIR, leading to the
arrest of a great number of members in Concepcion, including
Jose "Pepone" Carrasco Tapia. The arrest of Rudy Carcamo
occurred after another former GAP member described him in
late October 1974. This facilitated an intense search for
him during more than a month, culminating with his arrest
on November 27, 1974 by Talcahuano Naval intelligence personnel.
Rudy was first imprisoned on the Naval Base and tortured
at Fuerte Borgoño el Morro. Then he was imprisoned
on Quiriquina Island October 1973 until July 1974 , at which
time he was tried by theTalcahuano Naval Court. The case
was dismissed and he was released. We know that after his
release, he rejoined party activities until his final arrest
on November 27, 1974 when he disappeared forever. When he
was released from Quiriquina Island, he told me that Naval
Intelligence was unaware of his work with the GAP and trips
to y Cuba, which meant that so far no one had talked under
torture. That is significant and demonstrates the integrity,
loyalty and courage of those compañeros.
police arrested Hector Lepe on September 27, 1973 on a tip
from an informant. He was tortured at the Fuerte Borgoño
and El Morro in the Naval Base along with Ricardo Barra
Martinez, who later died in torture. A War Council held
on October 6, 1973 (rol Ancla-1) sentenced them to prison.
to a former Quiriquina Island prisoner, Agustin Costa, all
the prisoners in the Naval Base gave them a hearty farewell
that October 9, 1973 in the belief that finally the torture
would stop and they would be taken to Concepcion Public
Prison. They were in deplorable physical condition from
torture but their political beliefs were intact. Even today
Costa is moved when he remembers them. All the political
prisoners thought that some foreign country would give refuge
to the three of them: Transito del Carmen Cabrera Ortiz,
Miguel Angel Catalan Febrero and Hector Manuel Lepe Moraga.
However, the three members of the MIR were executed by a
Navy military patrol at a place called Paso Hondo near the
city of Tome. The details of the execution are still not
clear. Every October 9 flowers are placed at the small monolith
that was erected there.
the area of Hualpen, near the mouth of the Bio-Bio River,
a search is underway for Rudy Carcamo's remains. The excavations
are approximately 300 meters from main entrance to the Hualpen
Museum in a small woods. Five members of theNavy are suspects
in his death. Carcamo's son Erick Carcamo Alegria has learned
that after the military savagely tortured him to death,
they buried him and planted a tree over the grave in order
to make his remains disappear.
Lepe is an executed political prisoner, while Rudy Carcamo
remains disappeared. On March 29, 2001 relatives, friends
and former members of the MIR filed a criminal complaint
against en Augusto Pinochet Ugarte and others for various
crimes, before Santiago Appeals Court Judge Juan Guzman
Tapia, in case (Rol) 2182-98. The lawsuit is represented
by attorneys Hiram Villagra Castro, Alejandra Arriaza Donoso,
Fernando Zegers Ramirez and Alberto Espinosa Pino. The trial
underway in the First Criminal Court of Talcahuano for Rudy
Carcamo is joined to the case investigated by e Judge Guzman.
GAP were simple, modest men and loyal party members who
were chosen to serve the most trustworthy of jobs: guarding
the President of Chile Salvador Allende. Their names, identities,
desires and utopias are veiled by a screen of historic amnesia.
They dreamed of social justice for the poorest of the countryside
and the city. They gave their all to build a better world.
remove them from under the shadow of oblivion, remove the
dust from the files, and clandestine cementeries to reclaim
their names. Their physical deaths do not mean they have
left us. They are only sleeping in clandestine graves or
at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. The government elite
and the military pursue impunity for such terrible crimes
against humanity. But these officials have been unsuccessful
in erasing their identities from the Book of Life, for their
memory lives in the collective memory of the Chilean people.
OF EXECUTED AND DISAPPEARED COMPANEROS OF THE GAP
Acuña Alvarez Carlos Patricio, Executed 13/10/73
2) Aguirre Vasquez Antonio, Disappeared 2/10/73
3) Alarcon Jara Eduardo Enrique, Disppeared 30/7/74
4) Araya Figueroa Fredy Alex, Executed in Tocopilla 4/10/73.
Known as Ernesto.
5) Aviles Jofre Oscar, Executed 22/10/73
6) Blanco Tarres Domingo Bartolome, Disappeared 11/9/73
Known as Bruno.
7) Bravo Alvarez Fidel Alfonso, Executed 11/9/73
8) Carcamo Ruiz Rudy, Disappeared in Talcahuano, Concepcion,
27/11/74. Known as Vietnam.
9) Carreño Calderon Jose Belisario, Executed 19/9/73
10) Castro Zamorano Manuel Ramon, Disappeared 11/9/73
11) Chacon Hormazabal Julio, Disappeared. 27/9/73
12) Contreras Carrasco Exequel Segundo, Executed 5/10/73
13) Cruz Zavalla Carlos Alfonso, Executed 19/9/73
14) Delgado Marin Oscar Jesus, Executed 5/10/73 Incinerated
15) Espinoza Gonzalez Luis Alfredo, Disappeared 10/12/78
16) Freire Medina Jose, Disappeared 11/9/73
17) Gamboa Pizarro Luis Alfredo, Executed 19/9/73
18) Garces Portigliati Pedro Juan Disappeared 11/9/73
19) Gonzalez De Asis Guillermo, Disappeared 12/9/75
20) Gutierrez Ayala Daniel Antonio, Disappeared 11/9/73
His remains were found. Known as Jano.
21) Huerta Corvalan Enrique Lelio, Disappeared 11/9/73
22) Jorquera Leyton Gonzalo Mario Executed 20/9/73.
23) Lagos Rios Oscar Reinaldo, Disappeared 11/9/73
24) Lara Ruiz Francisco Urcisinio, Executed 5/10/73
25) Lazo Lazo Ofelio De La Cruz, Disappeared 30/7//74
26) Lepe Moraga Hector Manuel, Executed 9/10/73 at Paso
Hondo. Known as Rojitas.
27) Manriquez Diaz Miguel Hernan, Executed in Antofagasta
by Caravan of Muerte19/10/73. Known as Javier.
28) Marambio Araya Oscar Osvaldo Executed 19/9/73
29) Maureira Vasquez Mario Osvaldo, Disappeared 8/8/76
30) Montero Salazar Edmundo Enrique Executed 19/9/73 Sep.2696-1
31) Montiglio Murua Juan Jose Disappeared 11/9/73
32) Moreno Pulgar Julio Hernan Disappeared 11/9/73
33) Ojeda Disselkoen Eduardo Manuel Executed 12/9/73
34) Orrego Gonzalez Jorge Osvaldo Disappeared 11/9/73 Identified
35) Pacheco Monsalve Javier Antonio Executed 6/10/73 Identif
36) Ramirez Barria William Osvaldo. Disappeared 11/9/73
37) Ramos Rivera Osvaldo Del Carmen Disappeared 28/9/73
38) Rodriguez Riquelme Luis Fernando Disappeared 11/9/73
39) Salinas Muñoz Wagner Herid Executed 5/10/73 when
was traveling to Santiago from the south. Known as Silvano.
40) Sotelo Ojeda Jaime Gilson Disappeared 11/9/73. Known
41) Tapia Martinez Julio Fernando Disappeared 11/9/73
42) Urrutia Molina Hector Daniel Disappeared 11/9/73
43) Valladares Caroca Oscar Enrique Disappeared 11/9/73.
Known as Raul.
44) Vargas Contreras Juan Alejandro Disappeared 11/9/73
45) Vargas Fernandez Felix Marmaduke. Disappeared January
46) Walker Arangua Joaquin, Disappeared 30/12/73
Will We Forget or Forgive!
Eduardo Agustin Cruz
to "Reclaiming Memory"